The museum was founded in 1978 on a basis of local historical materials Of Atbasar city library #2. The building of the museum that was constructed in 1911 is a monument of history and architecture. After revolution there was placed the first revolution district committee headed by the regiment commissar S.Razin, Videneyev N.D. Exposition of the museum is situated in 12 halls of double-staged building. The number of exponants in museum funds is 9642. The exposition included next divisions: -animal life and flora; -culture and life of Kazakh people;- ethnography of frontiermen;- history of the territory in a period of 1914 and 1937;- Atbasar is a rear town (1941-1945);- Development of virgin and fallow lands.